Avoid Overwatering

Give your lawn the water it needs but no more.  This moderate approach conserves an important resource, saves money, and helps prevent grass diseases.  How much water your lawn needs depends on the type of grass in the turf, the overall health of your lawn and soil, the amount of rainfall your lawn gets, and the overall climate.  You may need to water only twice a year or you may need to water twice a week. Read more »

 When to Mow & How Much to Cut

North:  Cut cool-season grasses cool-season grasses when they reach heights of 3 to 3-½ inches, typically once a week.  If the lawn grows too high for you to cut off one-third of the height and have an acceptable length, cut off one-third and then wait two or three days before cutting off another one-third.  The best time of day to mow is in the evening when the sun is lower in the sky.  Read more »  

 Fertilizer Basics

Grasses require at least 16 different essential elements in their diets, most of which are provided by the grass’s surrounding environment.  However, even with a low-maintenance lawn, you will still need to fertilize with nitrogen (N) to sustain thick, vigorous turf.  In addition to enhancing the grass’s deep green color, nitrogen is also responsible for the sturdy growth and shoot density needed to fight off weeds and to stand up to diseases, insects, and traffic. Learn when and how to apply fertilizer.  Read more »

 Fertilizer Guidelines

North and South:  The optimal time to apply fertilizers is when the grass roots and blades are actively growing.  Apply fast-release fertilizers at a rate of 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet. Slow-release fertilizers usually require a higher rate of application.  Follow the manufacturer’s instructions; check the calibration of your spreader, as well as the square footage of your lawn, to ensure that you are applying the right amount.  Remember, more is not necessarily better with fertilizers, applying too much may “burn” your lawn and promote thatch formation, disease, and insect infestation.  Read more » 

 Tools For a Good Lawn Care Program

Lawn tools fall into three categories: Basic Tools to Own, Specialty Tools to Rent or Own (if you have the budget and space), and Tools to Rent (seldom used or take up a lot of space).  The recommendations assume average situations.  Your needs may differ.

 Cultural Measures Count

In addition to promoting healthier grass, mowing to the right height is helpful in preventing weeds because keeping your turf longer helps block sunlight from weed seeds waiting to germinate.  When weed seeds are evident, catch your grass clippings and dispose of them, rather than redistributing them on the lawn.  You should make sure to maintain optimal fertility, since a dense lawn makes it difficult for weeds to compete.  The timing of fertilizer applications is also critical.  Read more »